Cause & Effect

Cause-and-effect essays examine causes, describe effects, or do both. In the following passage from a New York Times column entitled “The Pump on the Well,” Tom Wicker considers the effects of a technological advance on a village in India.
[Cause]  When a solar-powered water pump was provided for a well in India, the village headman took it over and sold the water, until stopped. The new liquid      abundance attracted hordes of unwanted nomads. Village boys who had drawn water in buckets had nothing to do, and some became criminals. The gap between rich and poor widened, since the poor had no land to benefit from irrigation. [Effects]Finally, village women broke the pump, so they could gather again around the well that had been the center of their social lives. Moral: technological advances have social, cultural sentence   and economic consequences, often unanticipated.
Cause and effect, like narration, links situations and events together in time, with causes preceding effects. But causality involves more than sequence: Cause-and-effect analysis explains why something happened–or is happening—and it predicts what probably will happen.


Guiding Resources:


10 edited digital photos – before and after with brief narrative about the changes (so you should spend about 2-3 days per photo)


Kobayashi Maru:

Take pictures that fit all ten of these categories.

Edit them in iPhoto, Paint, Photoshop, Flickr, or whatever.

Write a paragraph about the changes made and their effect on the image.

Show both before and after images with paragraph.

Upload all to your WordPress blog

1. pop culture
2. nature
3. lunch
4. portrait
5. gear
6. orange
7. strangers
8. home
9. a bad habit
10. faceless self- portrait

Kobayashi Maru

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